Ohio is among the top five states with the highest number of housing units with lead-based paint (US EPA). Ohio has the fourth highest percentage of tested children under age 6 with elevated blood lead levels (CDC 2007).
Ohio law requires that every Medicaid eligible child be tested for lead poisoning at 12 months and 24 months of age. The law further requires that every child under the age of 6 living in a high risk zip code be tested for lead poisoning.
Every zip code in Crawford County is considered high risk due to the number of housing units built before 1978 (17,690 in 2007) when the use of lead paint in residential housing units was banned.
Statistics from 2005 indicate only 437 (12%) of the estimated 3,641 children in Crawford County under the age of 6 were tested for lead poisoning. Of these, 7 children had elevated blood lead levels. Statistics from 2007 indicate that 767 (23%) of the estimated 3,268 children in Crawford County under the age of 6 were tested for lead poisoning. Of these 767 children, 12 had elevated blood lead levels.
The increase in the number of children tested in 2007 was directly related to a pilot program that the Crawford County Women, Infants and Children (WIC) participated in that no longer exists.
The Nursing Division also provides Lead Case Management for children found to have an elevated blood lead level. For further information on lead testing and lead poisoning prevention, contact Crystal Marks, RN at extension 1217.
Lead Testing Requirements and Medical Management Recommendations:
Ohio Healthy Homes Lead Testing Requirements